The Colestin/Hilt Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP)
The CRFD's Colestin/Hilt
Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP) establishes
ways in which to develop planned responses to emergencies and
potential disasters as a community.
General summary: The
Board appointed a Community Wildfire Protection Plan Committee
to work on establishing a fire plan guideline to address the
potential for fire within our district, and ways in which to
develop planned responses to emergencies and potential disasters
as a community.
The Committee members held an initial community meeting in October
of 2004; after a very positive response to the proposal of a
Community Wildfire Protection and Emergency Response Plan, and
with much input from those attending, the Committee met again
on January 4th, 2005. After that, they met with Jackson County's
own Fire Plan representatives, to coordinate our district's
plan with the County's, and to investigate County-regulated
federal grants for fire plan activities carried out by fire
districts within the county.
our Committee continued to work on the Fire Plan. Committee
Organizer Lisa Buttrey said at the time that, "the [CWPP]
Committee members, aided by District residents who expressed
an interest in helping to write parts of the Fire Plan, are
... researching materials and writing drafts for the Fire Plan,
and that the drafts are being incorporated into the Plan as
they are developed... The current goal is to have a solid working
Plan in place by the end of spring, although we recognize that
the details will continue to evolve."
The Road Signage project, directed at improving our capacity
for Emergency Response as part of the Community Wildfire Protection
Plan, was approved by the Board and was implemented in April,
2005. Other elements, such as the New and Improved Emergency
Phone Tree, has been in progress since spring, 2005. A final
draft of the Colestin/Hilt
Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP) was completed
and publicly presented in June, 2005.
Fire Plan Committee is Lisa Buttrey (Chair & Coordinator),
John Ames, and Elaine Shanafelt.
The latest General News:
As of June, 2005, after a full year of work, the
Fire Plan Committee (John Ames, Elaine Shanafelt, and Lisa Buttrey)
completed and released the Colestin-Hilt Community Wildfire
Protection Plan (CWPP). In addition to a public presentation
of the main points of the plan by Committee Chair & Coordinator
Lisa Buttrey at the community barbeque last June 18th, the plan
is now available here on our website in detail. (Due to file
sizes the Plan and its Appendices are presented separately.)
"The completed plan," according to Lisa
Buttrey, "has an 'Intro' section, a 'Description' section,
a brief 'Risks' section, and finally the meat of the document
in the last section, 'The Action Plan', followed by the 'Appendices.'
The 'Action Plan' gives detailed ideas for things to do and
calls for volunteers to do them. [We] hope to get a few 'Action'
items assigned to willing takers (from outside the
fire department proper!).
The Plan has an enormous wealth of information
in it, and reflects a tremendous amount of time, extensive research,
many meetings with other fire agency and county officials, and
hard work. The result is a document that provides a working
plan of action for our community to pro-actively achieve a much
better level of fire prevention and protection and disaster
preparedness than we have ever known. We are also now in compliance,
ahead of schedule, and coordinated with the County's new regional
fire plan. Check
out the Plan and its Appendices.
Also of interest are two very interesting articles that were
edited out of the final CWPP:
of the Districts," a summary by local
resident Russell Juncal, and according to Lisa, "very
readable for all residents."
And a third article, not considered for the Plan but of relevant
CWPP Continuing Developments: Construction Materials
Committee member John Ames conducted building materials research
pertaining to the Fire-wise Construction Materials and Design
section of the Fire Plan. Specifically, he investigated the
question of whether OSB or plywood might be preferable from
a fire safety standpoint for sheathing and roof deck underlay.
He concludes that "it seems plywood is somewhat better,
especially for roofs," and says that the following website
pages provide "... what appears to be a very good summary
of the fire resistance of several modern building materials":
New Emergency Phone Tree
Another development related to
the new Community Wildfire Protection Plan is a "New
& Improved Emergency Phone Tree." Lisa Buttrey
announced this plan in early 2005:
"Many of you attended the October 2004 community
meeting to kick off the development of our Colestin & Hilt
Community Wildfire Protection Plan. Several residents volunteered
to work together on the Phone Tree Task Group to implement an
emergency notification system. The Emergency Phone Tree might
be used to notify residents of threatening fire, of dangerous
or missing persons, of escape routes or safety zones in the
event of wildfire, or to refer residents to appropriate radio/TV
channels or other information outlets for further updates.
"The Emergency Phone Tree is not likely
to be used very often, but we want it to run quickly and accurately
in the event of an actual emergency. To this end, the Task Group
has established a policy that requires the phone tree to be
exercised a minimum of one time per year. The notification system
might occasionally be activated for important non-emergency
events serving the duel purpose of providing pertinent information
to the residents and exercising the tree. Initially, the Task
Group expects two or three trial runs to gather cell phone and
work numbers and to work out the bugs. The Task Group would
like to time these trial runs. Prior notice will be given to
those at the bottom of each tree to call back to a central local
to give time elapsed info.
"Some of you may be familiar with the community
phone tree which has existed somewhat informally for several
years. The new system is substantially different in that all
residents participate on some level. The Trees are ordered first
by who is usually at home, then alphabetically. Every one person
will be responsible to call two others.
"In event of an emergency, Fire Department
personnel will establish a concise, clear script to be used
for every phone call. The script will include:
1. Type of incident
2. Location of incident
3. What to do
If you cannot reach a live person, “Jane
Volunteer”, leave a message on Jane’s machine. Include
the 3 basics and state that you will complete Jane’s phone
tree obligation. Now make the two calls that would have been
Jane’s responsibility. Do not stop making calls until
you have spoken with a live person.
"Remember, passing basic information around
quickly is the goal. It is important not to tie up the phone
lines with personal conversations.
"Finally, every resident will be provided
with a copy of the tree to which they’ve been assigned.
A refreshed copy will be sent annually after feedback from the
exercise is incorporated. Please plan to keep your phone tree
with your phone to that it’s immediately available in
case of emergency.
"Thanks to all the volunteers helping with
this project and to all Colestin and Hilt residents for your
cooperation in helping us enhance our emergency preparedness."
(You can view
a pdf version of this announcement - this requires
Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher, FREE if you need to download
Road Signage Project for Emergency Response Has Begun, as of
April 1st, 2005.
of the December, 2004, CRFD monthly Board Meeting, the Board
approved a proposal by our Task Group on Emergency Signs to
implement a new road signage project, as part of the Emergency
Response section of the Mitigation Strategy (“Action Plan”)
portion of the fire district’s new comprehensive Community
Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP).
January, 2005, we sent out a letter to our district's landowners
and residents explaining how this new project would proceed.
PDF-format version of our Road Signage Letter to Landowners
Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher, FREE if you need to download
As of October, 2005, much of the signage had been
done; it was completed during 2006. The Colestin RFD and the
Hilt VFC participated jointly in this project.
As the project neared completion, Teri Thomas, one of our Road
Signage Committee Members, wrote a letter to the community (initially
published in the private community news, The Buzz) thanking
residents for their support of the project:
"Fire District Signs Project Nears Completion,
by Teri Thomas"
"Thank you to the community for their overwhelming support
of the sign project! And also many thanks to Lisa Buttrey
and Brian Dwyer for their countless hours of hard work. Winter
weather set in just before we could complete the project,
so the remaining households will be signed later this spring.
Questions or suggestions can be directed to Lisa Buttrey,
"I signed up for this project at the Community Wildfire
Protection Plan meeting because my home is difficult to find
and the access has nothing to do with the official street
address. It worried me that if my daughter had to call for
help, she would not be able to give directions.
"Although many Fire Department volunteers are long time
residents, not all are familiar with every the road and driveway
in the District. Responding to an emergency at night when
time is critical can be very difficult. The committee strove
for uniform height and use of reflective materials in order
to make it easier for responders to see the signs.
"We have had a lot of positive response from the Forest
Service and Ashland Fire & Rescue, especially the Ambulance
drivers. These outside agencies have expressed great enthusiasm
and increased confidence in their ability to respond in our
area. I hope we never have to make those calls, but if we
do, and the minutes matter, I’m glad we could make that
Colestin Road Addressing Method Explained
Recently, Fire Plan Committee member John Ames
completed and has provided for our website a document that explains
and discusses the fire district's address procedure process.
He states that "this is the policy and procedure adopted
a couple of years ago by the board, with the part relating to
multiple address driveways clarified and expanded." John's
work takes an often confusing issue and explains it in easily
understandable terms, with excellent useful detail. The document,
Procedure for Colestin Road," is now available here
in PDF format.
Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher, FREE if you need to download
references to documentation regarding road signage legalities
are cited within the above Road Signage Letter to Landowners:
County, California, address signage for emergency
response is already a legal requirement for all homeowners,
according to the County's Planning Department staff. All residential
development within Siskiyou County is subject to Public Resources
Code 4290, Fire Safe Regulations, to the satisfaction of the
Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CDF). (The Fire
Agency for Siskiyou County is CDF.) CDF reviews projects located
in the State Responsibility Areas for County Planning for compliance
with the State Fire-Safe Regulation (Public Resources Code 4290).
information from the California
Office of the State Fire Marshal: "In 1991, Senate
Bill 1075 (Rogers) passed, enacting minimum fire safety regulations
in the SRA through PRC Section 4290. ... Through SB 1075 and
associated public hearings, the requirements found in PRC 4290
were enacted. ... The regulations address several major elements
of land use, development, and construction, including road and
access standards, signage and building identification standards,
and other standards for fuelbreaks, private water supply, and
fire equipment access. ... The detailed fire safety standards
adopted by the State Board of Forestry pursuant to PRC 4290
can be found in Title 14 of the California Code of Regulations,
especially Sections 1270-1276.03." Section 1273 focuses
on roads and emergency access; Section 1274 specifies signage
County, Oregon, signage is now a mandatory requirement
for all residences as of December of 2004, with the County’s
permanent adoption of the 2004 Land Development Ordinance (LDO).
The 2004 LDO reflects the passage of Oregon Senate Bill 360
several years ago. (SB360 requires measures to be implemented
by county and local governing agencies, as well as by homeowners,
aimed at reducing wildfire risk and increasing fire protection
and defensibility in Wildland-Urban Interface areas.) The specific
portion of the County 2004 LDO regarding signage is within the
section entitled "PROPOSED WILDFIRE SAFETY STANDARDS,"
and is indexed as 8.7.1 H (Chapter 8.7: WILDFIRE SAFETY, Section
1: Fire Safety Requirements, Subsection H) Address Signs.
Committee held another meeting on January 4th, 2005. According
to Committee Organizer Lisa Buttrey, "the [CWPP] Committee
members, aided by District residents who expressed an interest
in helping to write parts of the Fire Plan, are now researching
materials and writing drafts for the Fire Plan."
drafts are being incorporated into the Plan as they develop.
The current goal is to have a solid working Plan in place by
the end of spring, although we recognize that the details will
continue to evolve.
The Committee previously held
a Public Meeting for Community Fire Plan Development (now the
Community Wildfire Protection Plan) on October 14th, 2004, at
7:00 P.M. at the Hilt Community Church.
The Fire Plan Committee's
announcement prior to the October 14th, 2004, meeting succinctly
summarized the purpose for the meeting: "Every resident
in the Colestin and Hilt Fire Districts is encouraged to attend
the Planning Meeting for the Community Safety Fire Plan. This
is your opportunity to shape the Fire Plan. The Fire Plan will
serve to bring money into our Districts and to direct how that
money is spent.
your goals, your ideas for improving our fire safety and readiness
- these are the meat and potatoes of the Fire Plan. Please attend
and share your thoughts. This promises to be a fun, dynamic,
and interesting meeting. We have a succinct agenda and promise
that the meeting will be efficient and well worth your while."
Why a Fire Plan?
2. Where Are We Headed? Introduction of Fire Plan Outline
3. What do we value that is at risk?
4. List and Prioritize Hazards
5. How Do We Address the Hazards?
6. Introduce Neighborhood Emergency Response Teams
7. What's Next?
(Fire Chief) Steve
Avgeris reported at the Board meeting (on Oct. 15th) that the
meeting was a great success, with about 50 people in attendance.
Both he and the Board members expressed high praise for the
Fire Plan Committee's presentation and handling of the meeting,
which they felt was very effective.
Lisa also reported
that she thought that "the meeting was very well attended,
went off like clockwork and was productive... I believe most
felt their time was well-spent."
After the collation of "ballots" from that meeting
(below), Fire Plan committee member Elaine Shanafelt wrote the
Community Fire Plan Meeting - by Elaine Shanafelt
the true sense of 'community spirit,' about fifty Colestin
and Hilt Rural Fire District residents (representing 30
families and all geographic areas of the District) met
at the Hilt Community Church, October 14, to start the
process of developing a Community Fire Plan for our area.
purpose of the meeting was to identify values held by
residents, to identify fire hazards, and to identify ways
to reduce the hazards. Lists of values, hazards and solutions
were developed from the questionnaires returned by the
residents and input from those attending the meeting.
After brainstorming each area, those attending were asked
to select five items from each list that were most important
to them, ranking their selections from 5 points for most
important to 1 point for least important. The results
of those rankings are described elsewhere in this newsletter.[*]
outline of the proposed Fire Plan was also presented.
Volunteers were solicited to help compile data and write
different aspects of the plan. These great volunteers
are already putting pen to paper!
also graciously volunteered for various Task Groups. Task
Groups have a specific focus and include: Plan and Grant
Writers, Water Supply, Home Addresses, Phone Tree, Inspections,
Signage, Evacuation Plan, and Work Parties. Already two
task groups are being convened: the Signage and Inspection
Groups. Any folks unable to attend the meeting, but interested
in lending a hand can call the Committee.
to Lisa Buttrey for leading the meeting, to those who
brought the wonderful snacks, to those who attended and
to all who returned their questionnaires.
Fire Plan Committee: John Ames Lisa Buttrey Nanc[ee]Carlson
[Nancee Carlson served on the Committee for about one month
this past November, but has recently moved away and is no longer
a Hilt VFD or CRFD volunteer.]
Elaine's letter and the Ballot Results with the values
rankings from the October meeting that she refers to in the
above letter were also published in the Oct/Nov edition of the
Colestin Valley Buzz community newsletter, which is privately
published by Lisa Buttrey. For information about the Buzz or
Buzz subscriptions, see our Community
from the October 14th, 2004,
Fire Plan community meeting:
the Fire Safety Plan Committee Organizer, Lisa Buttrey states
that the ballot results "are the tallies of the ballots
submitted by the folks at the recent Community Meeting to kickoff
the Fire Plan. The lists that follow have been edited for clarity
and brevity and combined into groups that mirror the structure
of the Fire Plan Outline. The numbers are the points garnered
for each entry or group."
also acknowledges that, "We know that some residents weren’t
able to attend the meeting but may have input they’d like
included." She requests that any suggestions or questions
should be directed to her, preferably by phone at 541-821-5479,
or through our website by email.
(Please note that emails to Lisa sent through our site may take
longer to receive responses.)
Health & Management
& Wildlife Habitat
According to Lisa Buttrey, " 'Values' were not rated
strictly within the framework of Fire Planning, but rather
on the broader basis of what we love about living here. Our
goal was to get a sense of what is dear to the hearts of community
members in order to best reflect these core ideas in our planning,
our projects, and even case of emergency."
Overburden of Fuels
areas of overdense vegetation
not being managed
standing dead trees
tall dry grass
ties along tracks
in dry grass
water supply near homes
of defensible space
issues: dirty chimneys, flammable roofs etc
roads & driveways not cleared of vegetation, too narrow,
no turn-arounds etc.
and homes not signed
neck” nature of roads
steep stretch of Colestin Rd at mile marker 6
grant money for projects
individual landowners, with financial or other assistance,
to take responsibility for fire hazard reduction on their
qualified persons review and recommend what needs to be
matchmaking: offer resources free to willing users, i.e.,
access to fire wood, small diameter wood for posts, logging
Safe Home Competition with reward, i.e., a vacation :)
and Freeway (ODOT & CalTrans) participation
Space and Fuels Management
ladder fuels and thin trees along driveways, homes and out-buildings
Fuel Breaks between managed and unmanaged land
tall grass where threat to homes
dangerous standing dead
reduction on unmanaged land
ORV’s esp. during Fire and Hunting Seasons
parking in tall grass
of local Fire Depts.
a Fire Prevention Officer offset by fines/grants/fees
expansion of private dwellings
piles of RR ties
ladder fuels and thin along main access roads
address incongruities and work with County to prevent further
of road systems
number of holding tanks/ponds throughout valley
permitting process for building ponds
of high (>6000’) ponds along small creeks
ballot results led the Fire Plan Committee to add two new categories
to the “Mitigation Strategy” section of the Colestin
Hilt Fire Plan Outline, in order to better reflect local priorities.
While all these ideas come under the broad heading of “Solutions”,
some represent philosophical underpinnings while others are
on-the-ground strategies for hazard reduction.
"The “Methods” category has been added to
describe matters of philosophical approach or policy. There
was also strong interest in what we have collectively called
“Proactive Measures”. Anyone interested in a copy
of the newly amended Outline can call Lisa Buttrey at 541-821-5479,"
or a request can be submitted through our website by email.
(Please note that emails to Lisa sent through our site may take
longer to receive responses.)
Information: Letter to Landowners
In late July
of 2004, the Committee mailed a letter of explanation to our
community residents and district landowners, along with a voluntary
residential survey, to help identify our needs and resources,
for the purpose of establishing and developing a plan for our
community's emergency preparedness. In October, the Committee
held a Public Meeting for local residents to learn more about
the Fire Plan and to gather input from the community.
Rural Fire District is developing a Community Fire Safety
Plan. The Plan will describe our current situation and
provide future actions to reduce fire hazard and improve
preparedness in the event of catastrophic fire or other
emergency. This survey is intended as a first step in
the process. A community fire safety plan does not focus
on fire engines or volunteer firefighters. It concentrates
on actions by individual members of the community.
District residents is critical in developing a useful
plan. A good plan spells out ways that each of us can
reduce the risk to our own properties and to the community.
It is also a powerful tool in seeking grant monies to
help offset the costs of fire hazard reduction.
of all or a portion of this survey is entirely voluntary.
We hope that you find it in your best interest to participate
and we thank you for your input. Spend 15-20 minutes
of your time and together we will provide for a more
fire-safe community and greater peace of mind.
that you provide in this survey will be used only by
emergency personnel and by the Committee for Fire Plan
can be directed to Committee members:
- (541) 488-5016
Lisa Buttrey - (541) 821-5479
Elaine Shanafelt - (541) 821-6016
view and print the survey:
this Survey, and considering its fire safety points, please
print it out, write in your answers as fully as possible,
and send it to us.
If you received
a survey from us in the mail but have not yet filled it out
and sent it to us, we encourage you to do so as soon as possible.
surveys should be mailed to The Colestin Rural Fire District
(attn.: Fire Safety Committee), 1701 Colestin Rd., Ashland,
If you have any
questions about the survey or privacy concerns with regard
to your personal data, please call us to discuss the matter.
you for helping to develop our Community Fire Safety Plan.
Homeowner Survey Results
Fire Safety Plan
Committee organizer Lisa Buttrey informed the Board at its
September meeting that 27 surveys had been returned so far,
with another 10 expected soon thereafter. (She
stated in her community newsletter, The Buzz, (Sept./Oct.
2004) that, "of approximately 180 property owners, the
Fire Plan Committee has received 27 returned surveys, or 15
Lisa says that,
"We have had very positive feedback from folks, and thank
you for your comments in the survey. Super Thanks to all of
you who have returned your surveys, and a reminder to others
to please set aside 15-20 minutes to fill out and mail your
surveys to us."
Lisa also wishes
to remind everyone that they can call her at (541) 821-5479
for a replacement survey if they need it and are unable to
download and print one from our website.
The Survey is the
first step in the process of developing a Fire Plan for the
Colestin and Hilt Fire Districts.
According to Lisa,
Plan will describe our current situation and provide future
actions to reduce fire hazard and improve preparedness in
the event of catastrophic fire or other emergency. It is also
a powerful tool in seeking grant monies to help offset the
costs of fire hazard reduction.
of all or a portion of the survey is entirely voluntary. We
hope that you find it in your best interest to participate.
All information that you provide in the survey will be used
only by emergency personnel and by the Committee for Fire
Developing a Community-Wide Fire Safety Plan
[Reprinted from the
Colestin Valley Buzz, July-Aug. 2004, published by Lisa Buttrey.]
Thanks to Elaine Shanafelt for the following article:
of us in the Colestin-Mt. Ashland-Sisikyou Summit area
recognize that one of the greatest threats to our community
is fire. At the May 21st Colestin Rural Fire District
(CRFD) Board meeting, representatives from the Klamath
National Forest presented information on the Colestin
Fuels Reduction Project they are planning to complete
this summer. They also discussed grants that are available
to community groups to make their communities more resistant
to fire damage (for example by reducing fuels, improving
access, improving water supplies). In applying for such
grants, a community-wide fire safety plan is needed.
the Board's request, three of us attending that meeting
agreed to start the process of developing a Fire Safety
Plan for the CRFD area. To do so will require input from
the entire community.
reviewing other fire plans and guidelines, we have identified
two main areas we need to address:
Assessing and prioritizing our community's current fire
risk, and assessing our current community disaster-emergency
an action plan to decrease our risk (fire hazard mitigation)
and increase our preparedness.
organization is an essential element in collecting the
information needed, in implementing any strategies, and
in being ready to act effectively and appropriately in
an emergency. One model for such organization is NERTS
(Neighborhood Emergency Response Teams), based on small
neighborhood groups. Some of us have already developed
informal arrangements with our neighbors to help each
other in an emergency - it comes naturally with living
in a community such as ours. But if a major disaster occurs,
we will need to coordinate what we are doing in our small
neighborhoods with what is happening community-wide.
need the help of others in our community in creating a
Fire Safety Plan and Neighborhood Teams. As a first step
in this process, all property owners will receive a survey
from CRFD in the near future. Completing the questionnaire
is voluntary, but we urge you to have your voice heard.
The information will be used to:
prepare the Fire Safety Plan, which will enable CRFD to
apply for grants;
assist the fire district in fighting a fire on or that
threatens your property and in protecting your safety,
your property and land resources.
assist residents in identifying fire risks on or to their
develop a Neighborhood Emergency Response Plan.
we move forward with developing a Community Fire Safety
Plan, we will have specific, short-term tasks which we
would like help from the community in accomplishing. If
you are interested in helping or have questions, please
Shanafelt - (541) 821-6016
Lisa Buttrey - (541) 821-5479
John Ames - (541) 488-5016
NEIGHBORHOOD EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAMS (NERTs)
the Colestin Valley Buzz, Sept.-Oct. 2004, published by Lisa
Thanks to Lisa, John and
Elaine of the Fire Safety Plan Committee for this article.]
Many of the residents of the Colestin Valley, including the
Siskiyou Summit area and Hilt, have informal arrangements with
their close neighbors to look after each other's property and
assist each other in emergencies. In order to make these arrangements
more effective, the Colestin Rural Fire District (CRFD) is establishing
a program to assist in their creation and provide coordination
between them and the firefighters in large-scale emergencies.
neighborhood teams can be as formal and organized, or informal
and disorganized, as their participants wish. For coordination
with the firefighters, though, each neighborhood team should
have at least one or more people who can serve as a point of
contact with the fire officials both for development of the
program and in emergencies. In this description of the program,
this person or these people will be termed the Team Leader,
without implying any hierarchy.
and heavy snowfall are emergencies that have been important
in the past, so these will be our focus.
do the teams do?
team members become acquainted with each other and with the
rest of their neighbors, decide how they will respond to an
emergency, and learn how to work together during an emergency
with each other and with the firefighters. The Colestin firefighters
will assist with training and information as needed. This training
can be as extensive or limited as desired.
AN EMERGENCY, the team checks the status of
all the residents of the neighborhood, takes necessary actions,
and coordinates with the fire district personnel.
is required of a Neighborhood Team Leader?
team leader contacts his neighbors to determine their special
needs and or ability to assist in emergencies. The leader organizes
neighborhood meetings to plan their preparation and response
to emergencies. The team should organize and practice so that
any member can assume leadership during an emergency because
we can never be sure who will be available at such a time.
detail on what the Teams do
teams can do as much or as little as they want. Here are some
ideas that come from other similar programs, adapted for our
community, in no particular order of application, priority,
or difficulty. They are described in terms of a fire emergency,
but many apply as well to heavy snow that blocks our roads.
AND INSTALL HOME ADDRESS-DRIVEWAY AND ROAD SIGNS.
Think about an emergency responder not very familiar with
your area (maybe from another agency) trying to find your
house in the dark, under the stress of a fire or medical
emergency. The signs must be easy to read (4" reflective
letters) and lead a driver in without confusion.
the main roads off the Colestin have locally recognized names.
Check with CRFD to see if there are names with which you may
be unfamiliar. The Emergency Response Address or E.R.A. system
is used by CRFD to describe home locations. It combines your
house number with the name of the road you actually live on.
Knowing your ERA is important, and the Fire Dept. can tell
you if your E.R.A. differs from your mailing or county-recognized
address. Signing the main roads off the Colestin is an important
measure to take for emergency preparation. CRFD is hoping
the Fire Plan might provide financial assistance in meeting
FOR EFFICIENT TWO-WAY FLOW OF INFORMATION, from
CRFD or other Emergency Officials to Neighborhood Teams and also
from the neighborhoods back to the emergency coordination center.
a means for distributing information from the fire officials
to District residents. One team member may monitor the fire
district radio frequency, and relay information to the rest
of the neighbors. A phone tree is simple to establish and
operate, but depends on the phones working and takes time.
Short-range radio is more effective because everyone on the
channel hears the message at once, but requires purchasing
some equipment. For most groups of neighbors, the simple FRS-GMRS
radios available at COSTCO work well. Fire district personnel
can help you evaluate your options. If there is enough interest,
we can explore the possibilities of establishing a dedicated
radio system for two-way communication between the fire district
and the team leaders.
part of the "emergency information" task is to detect
spot fires or other emergent problems in your neighborhood
and report them to both your neighbors and the fire officials.
This might involve planning for team members to "patrol"
the neighborhood or observe the area systematically if the
houses are suitably placed. Radios are especially helpful
in this process.
A SAFETY ZONE FOR YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD. This is an
area where you and your neighbors can assemble and be safe in
any fire condition. It should either be free of vegetation or
be very well irrigated lawn at least 100 feet in all directions
and not near heavy concentrated fuel. It could be a very fire-safe
structure. Your neighborhood may or may not have such a space.
If not, decide on the nearest or most practical one and do any
coordination necessary to use it.
TO COORDINATE EVACUATION. Some people may prefer,
or decide at the last minute, simply to leave the area in the
event of a nearby fire. It is very helpful to fire personnel if
there is any organized, reliable way for them to be informed of
such actions so that they do not waste time and endanger themselves
looking for people who are not there. An important task for a
neighborhood team is to inform the fire officials of who has left
the area, who is at the safety zone, and who is remaining at his-her
FOR PROTECTION OF CRITICAL PROPERTY, PETS, AND LIVESTOCK.
For example, one neighborhood group has exchanged house keys,
and informed each other of specially marked satchels containing
critical documents, mementos, etc., for removal in case of an
evacuation order in the owner's absence.
emergency, the team members first gather or otherwise make
contact with each other and then assess the situation and
plan their response. The team should contact the Fire District,
advise them of the team's mobilization and initial plan, and
learn of CRFD's plan and needs.
will then execute the initial plan, including determining
the status of all the neighbors and the physical situation
in its area. New information will in turn be communicated
back to CRFD, as it is important in planning an overall response.
The more complete the pre-plans suggested above, the more
effective, and safe, can be the response.
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